Choosing and Growing
Choose the right lilac for your garden
There are few flowers as beautiful and aromatic as lilacs.
Lilacs, or genus Syringa, have a strong scent that fills a garden;
a scent that leaves no doubt as to the source.
Lilacs bloom for only a brief couple of weeks in the spring. To prolong
their presence in your yard, grow a variety of lilacs including early,
mid, and late bloomers. With the right plants and a little luck, you may
be able to see Lilacs in bloom in your yard for up to six weeks. Weather
has a lot to do with how long your blooms last. Once the buds begin to
open, pray for a cool dry spell. Once the blooms are over, you still have
a nice shade bush, but you’ll have to wait for up to fifty more
weeks to see the show again.
Lilacs: A brief historical overview
Lilacs in the United States date back to the mid 1750’s. They were
grown in America’s first botanical gardens and were popular in New
England. Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew them in their
gardens. Bushes can live for hundreds of years, so a bush planted at that
time may still be around. Lilacs originated from Europe and Asia with
a majority of native species coming from Asia. In Europe, species lilacs
came from the Balkans, France, and Turkey.
There are over 1, 000 varieties of Lilacs. They come in several colors,
with the most popular being the color lilac and purple. White and pink
are also popular. They also vary widely in size from the smaller 8-foot
varieties to types that can grow up to 30 feet. So many lilacs, so little
time; we will limit our discussion to varieties commonly found in the
Syringa laciniata or Cutleaf Lilac
Syringa laciniata or Cutleaf Lilac is starting to be found more often
in the trade. This 6’x 8’ plant was once thought to be a sport
of S. persica. The finely cut leaves make it an interesting inclusion
to any lilac collection and like Persian lilac it is at it’s best
in Zone 7, although it is certainly Zone 4 hardy.
Syringa Meyeri, 4’ to 8’ high and half again in spread ‘Palabin’
is the cultivar of choice. Violet-purple flowers cover the plant in May,
which maintains a small, dense form (for a lilac). Not as fragrant as
the French hybrids, but very tidy. Zone 3 to Zone 7.
S. patula or Manchurian Lilac
S. patula or Manchurian Lilac is a more upright cousin of Meyeri reaching
9’ to 10’ at maturity. The usual cultivar is ‘Miss Kim’,
with an icy blue, fragrant flower from purple buds in May. It lists as
3’ by 3’; I’ve seen it at 5 and a half feet, and Dirr
says the parent plant is 8’. I believe him. Zone 3 to Zone 8.
S. reticulata or Japanese Tree Lilac
S. reticulata or Japanese Tree Lilac is a different beast entirely.
20’ to 30’ with a 20’ spread, this is truly a tree,
and yet definetely a lilac. 'Ivory Silk' is the best cultivar out there,
being the most prolific bloomer and a little more compact (closer to 20’).
Foot long panicles of creamy blooms arrive in June with a scent that reminds
me of privet. Zone 3 to Zone 7.
S. x persica or Persian lilac
S. x persica or Persian lilac is an oldie introduced to the trade in 1614!
Reaching to 5’ and half again as wide, with fragrant pale lilac
flowers in May. This one has been in the trade so long and nothing like
it is found in the wilds of Persia or anywhere else, so it may be a sterile
hybrid…(and that means they’ve been hybridizing lilacs for
around four hundred years!)
S. x prestoniae
S. x prestoniae is a 6’ to 10’ late blooming hybrid that is
impervious to many of the troubles other lilacs get into. Look for ‘Miss
Canada’ (a bright pink) and ‘Donald Wyman’ (pink to
almost red). These bloom in early June, so Preston Lilacs extend lilac
season half a month. Mildew resistant and impervious to bacterial blight.
Zone 2 to Zone 7.
S. x hyacinthiflora
S. x hyacinthiflora is another great hybrid that deserves more attention.
This 10’ to 12’ rock solid performer is ready to do its thing
on the first of May in Connecticut. ‘Pocahontas’ is the fleur
du jour with a prolific purple bloom with nearly the scent of vulgaris.
The dark shiny leaf sheds water, and therefore mildew, making this a three-way
winner. Zone 3 to 7.
S. vulgar is Grandma’s lilac, the one that inspired so many candle
fragrances and sachets. With easily 1,000 different cultivars, the plain
old species still remains a tried and true standby. It has that fine lilac
color and the best scent of any lilac. Most French Hybrids (virtually
every named cultivar is considered a French Hybrid) get to be 12’
to 15’ by 8’ to 12’ and bloom in mid-May. These are
the lilacs that gardeners dream about those last winter nights before
the thaw. The variations in flower colors are every shade of purple and
blue with the occasional white or red thrown in. Some cultivars of note:
- ‘Charles Joly’ is a wine red double
- ‘'Beauty of Moscow'’
the clearest white; double
- ‘Katherine Havermeyer’ The best pink hybrid; double
- ‘Monge’ A single deep puple
- ‘Pres. Grevy’ A double blue
- ‘Primrose’ A single “yellow”
- ‘Royal Purple’ A double that fits the billing
- ‘Sensation’ White edging in every purple petal; single
Read an informative article about pruning your lilacs
to choose lilacs
What to look for when choosing a lilac for your garden
Instructions for how to obtain successful lilac growth
The Helpful Gardener brings the pleasure of gardening to your home. Here
you will find our entire collection of Lilac
care articles collected in one spot.