Don't live in rural anywhere (urban Ohio), but I have plenty of raccoons. They do hibernate in the worst of the winter, but we've seen them out again lately when we've had some warm days. They are urban raccoons, used to foraging from people's garbage cans, compost piles, gardens, and the cat food we put out for the outdoor cats. They are very bold and unafraid of people. We put some dry cat food right outside our back door, hoping to discourage raccoons. They don't mind coming right up to the door to get it. Drives the dog crazy. Even if we open the door, as long as the screen or glass storm door is closed, the 'coons know he can't get out and get them. Dog will be barking and jumping and raccoon will be 18 inches away coolly eating and thumbing its nose at the poor dog. We don't like to let the dog out at that point, because raccoons are such nasty creatures to tangle with, but as long as the raccoon has a little head start and a tree nearby to climb, they will just run (they can move a lot faster than you think).
To keep them out of my garden, I wrap my raised beds with deer netting and pull it over the top, so the plants are caged in. My compost pile is similarly caged with a lid. Not everything has to be caged. 'Coons don't seem to bother my peppers (even sweet ones) and unlike the woodchucks, they aren't real big on greens, if they have a choice. But they sure do love corn and tomatoes!
In the spring, we will see mama raccoon with as many as SIX babies trailing behind her!