Your mix looked like it would hold too much water. compost, peat moss and 2/3 native soil. If the native soil was clay it would be heavy.
Mixing in something to improve drainage will help like coarse sand, perlite doesn't work well in a raised bed. Here I would use crushed cinder because it is cheaper and easier to get than sharp sand. There is a lot of beach sand but that does not work because of all the salt. You would have to work in about 4 inches of sharp sand into the bed to start. You need to make sure that the soil in the bed is dry before you attempt to work it. Wet soil is hard to work and if it has a lot of clay it will ruin the texture.
I do think your plants were waterlogged but even phythoptora doesn't usually work that fast.
After you amend, water the bed and see how well it drains and how fast it dries. Don't plant anything in it until you have figured out the drainage and watering schedule.