All vines flower so some insect pollinator is usually associated with plants. Some plants, such as many ornamental grasses and some trees, are pollinated by wind. Unfortunately I don't know of any vines that are wind pollinated. Plants that usually don't attract bees have double flowers where the pollen is hidden.
Perennial vines take time to establish their root systems and often don't grow quickly. It can take 3 or more years before they put out much growth. Annual vines grow quickly as they only have one season to flower and produce seeds.
Dutchman's pipe aka Aristolochia is a fairly fast growing vine, with most species not hardy in your zone. Aristolochia durior is hardy from zones 4 to 8 and might be a good choice for you. It doesn't flower much and is pollinated mostly by butterflies. It's also the larval food for the pipe vine swallowtail butterfly.
Another option would be one of the double flowered clematis, but they can take 3 years to establish before they put out much growth.