Hard to know what you might be doing wrong, if we don't know what you are doing.
But columbine does not bloom the first year from seed. Should bloom the second year. Likes part shade or filtered light. I'm growing mine right under a tree and it bloomed fine this year. Likes moist, rich, well drained soil. But they are short lived perennials that tend to fade out after about 4 years. If you let them go to seed, should re-seed themselves, but if you have a hybrid version, it won't breed true from seed.
Let us know what conditions your columbine are in and how you have treated them and we will try to help more.