I don't use fertilizer, just compost and mulch, so I can't say if there are fertilizer types that raccoons don't like - I would assume that composted manure would not be attractive to them.
I can say that I used to use fish emulsion, which is an organic, fish based product, but I had to quit, because the raccoons LOVE it, and would dig up all the plants trying to find the fish!
I wouldn't assume that the raccoons will stay on the farms. My experience reading a lot here is that urban-suburban people seem to actually have more critter problems than the country folk. I think our urban critters have gotten adapted to living with us and like the easy pickings of densely populated areas. The country ones are probably still more used to wild foraging.