Many houseplants must be grown indoors because they do not do well outdoors in a given climate zone.
Thus, tropical and subtropical plants are grown indoors in temperate and even subarctic climate zones.
OTOH, some kitchen herbs can be grown indoors, but I've never thought of those as "houseplants," like (e.g.) dracaena, pothos, monstera, etc.
Not sure if this answered your question, but wanted to welcome you to The Helpful Gardener and not have your question hanging in space!
Sunset Zone 17, USDA Zone 9