Bugs that are good for
Gardening tips: The Helpful Gardener promotes sustainable gardening that
is safe for the local environment. Read all of our articles about Organic
Gardening and start improving your garden today!
Organic Gardening Means Befriending Beneficial Insects
Not all insects are pests. In fact, the majority of bugs living in your
garden are helping your plants to grow in numerous, unseen ways. If you
are having a problem with pests in your garden, you probably have an imbalance
of fauna or an imbalance of soil nutrients. The more insects and other
fauna in your garden, the less likelihood the “pesky” ones
have of surviving. You will find that most insects eat those moths and
maggots that are eating your plants.
How biodiversity keeps your garden growing
Biodiversity is the key to a healthy organic garden. Biodiversity means
the presence of a diverse collection of plants and animals. Commercial
mono-crops require obscene amounts of chemicals because they have an un-healthy
level of diversity.
In un-touched nature, pests and plant diseases do exist, but rarely get
out of hand. This is because there is a natural system of checks and balances,
which keep these things under control. Of course, your garden is not “untouched
nature”- it is quite touched. You have planted plants here, which
are not naturally occurring, you weed and dig and manipulate the earth
and you will likewise have to encourage a balance in natural diversity.
How to control your aphids
If you have a problem with aphids in your vegetable or flower garden,
you may want to introduce an insect, which feeds on Aphids. The most common
of these is the Ladybug. The Ladybug and her larvae feed on Aphids, mites
and small caterpillars. The larvae are especially active between May and
July. Ladybugs are available at your local nursery as well as through
mail order. Gardens Alive, an environmentally responsible gardening company
is the preferred place to purchase them.
Encourage beneficial insects to visit your garden
If you are having a problem with fruit tree spider mites, green
flies or small caterpillars, you can encourage Hover
flies in your garden. Hover flies resemble dark bees or wasps. They
tend to hover over plants and dart around quickly. Bring Hoverflies into
your garden by planting marigolds, phacelia or “poached egg”
Dragonflies are good for your garden too. Dragonflies eat mosquitoes.
If there has been spraying in your area for mosquitoes, chances are the
spray has killed the dragonflies too. If you are afraid that your dragonfly
population has been taken out, re-introduce them either by purchasing
through mail-order, or by planting reedy plants in or around your garden.
A frog is a prince in the organic garden
Building a pond near your garden will encourage amphibians. Amphibians,
especially frogs, are great friends of your garden as they eat many flies,
moths and flying insects. A pond will also encourage dragonflies, which
Plant and encourage the growth of as many different types of aquatic
plants in your pond as you can. With an increased density of aquatic plants
an increased diversity of pond associated insects (including dragonflies)
will inhabit your pond and feed on an wider range of insect pests.
Why most insects should be protected
An organic farmer should not and cannot eliminate every insect in his
garden. Most insects are so tiny and mobile that most people never even
realize that they exist. Spraying pesticides indiscriminately is the worst
thing you can do for your garden. Take some time one afternoon to sit
quietly in your garden and watch your plants, you will be amazed at the
amount of life that exists there! Appreciating all of the life in your
garden is part of being an organic farmer and a friend of the earth.
Bees are great insects for your garden. Fruit trees that require pollination
cannot live without bees! Encouraging bees in your garden is easy; they
love flowers. Plant lavender, rosemary, daisies, cosmos, heather and/or
marigolds around the outside and amongst the other plants of your garden
and the bees will come.
Organic gardens are for the birds... seriously!
Birds are another great form of natural pest control. Birds and bats live
off of bugs. It is unfortunate and ironic that pesticides often end up
killing or harming local birds. Plant your garden near tall trees. Birds
will establish nests in the trees and visit your garden to eat pesky beetles,
moths and flies.
Imitate Mother Nature through Diversity
The very best way to encourage a diverse collection of life in your garden
is by planting a variety of plants. While some of the pests will be attracted
to some of your plants, the other plants will attract the friendly insects.
The more plant diversity in your garden, the more insect diversity. Talk
to your local nursery about native plants in your area and stick with
The importance of buying local
Be aware when buying potted plants that they have been grown locally and
carefully. Imported plants may contain imported insects.
If your pests are local, chances are they have local enemies. If your
pests are imported, they may not have any local predators in your garden.
Organic gardening is about maintaining balance
Be aware when introducing insects into your garden intentionally, even
beneficial ones. Do not introduce insects if their prey does not exist
in your garden. If you introduce a population of insects but not feeding
them, then you are harming the diversity of your garden rather than encouraging
it by throwing off the balance.
When you look at your garden is it a mess of beautiful color? Are birds,
bees and flies hovering overhead? Does your garden fit naturally into
the landscape with a variety of native plants and animals? With a healthy
diversity of insects and other fauna, your garden will be healthy, have
very little insect herbivory and local populations of animals will maintain
Beneficial Insects Will Control the Bad Insects
Some insects like the Ladybug and the Green Lacewing
are called beneficial because they are the good guys who are on the hunt
for the bad guys that are feeding on your plants. Here is a list of beneficial
insects, with links to where they are offered by an Earth friendly distributor.
Green Lacewings Chrysoperla carnea
Green Lacewings are an all purpose beneficial insect that feed on insects
such as aphids and other insects that will come and feed on your plants.
Green Lacewings are perfect for a backyard garden, larger garden, or a
The most popular beneficial insect, these cute little beetles eat Aphids
and Spider-mites and can be purchased readily in most nurseries. Don’t
discount their black, alligator like larvae which eat up to a hundred
aphids a day!
Minute Pirate Bug
These little guys eat Thrips, Corn Earworms, Aphids and Spider-mites.
Though be careful not to pick these guys up as they have a nasty bite.
These mites feed on Thrips and Pest mites.
These big guys also eat a lot of beneficial insects, so they are not recommended
for your garden.
These beetles feed on soil-dwelling insects like Root maggot eggs, larvae
and pupae, especially those of Cabbage maggots and Onion Maggots. They
also eat slug and snail eggs.
These beetles eat Aphids, Caterpillars, Corn Rootworms, Cucumber Beetles
and Grasshopper eggs.
All spiders are beneficial predators. You should encourage them into your
garden by using a straw mulch.
Spined Soldier Bugs
These bugs eat the Larvae of Colorado Potato Beetles, Sawflies, Cabbage
Loopers and Tent Caterpillars.
These flies eat Caterpillars, Armyworms, Cornborers, Cutworms and Stinkbugs.
These beetles eat various soil-dwelling larvae.
These weird and tiny wasps lay their eggs inside the eggs of moths, killing
the mother moth in the process.
These bees feed the larvae of flies, Caterpillars and Grasshoppers to
Most of these beneficial insects can be purchased in a nursery or through
mail order. Those that cannot be purchased may be naturally attracted
to your garden if you plant specific plants.
Do not release these beneficial insects into your garden if their prey
does not exist there. If you do so, you may disrupt your garden’s
natural ecosystem and possibly worsen your pest problems.
Growing a diversity of plants in your garden will attract a range of
insects, and most insects are beneficial. Beneficial insects are only
one of many reasons to maintain a diverse collection of plants in your
Beneficial creatures are not all insects. Birds and bats feed on insects
as well and may be helpful to have in the neighbourhood. Pesticides, ironically,
can kill birds, which may themselves be your best ‘pesticide’.
Reptiles and amphibians are also beneficial creatures. Building a pond
on your land will encourage frogs and toads to reproduce, and these amphibians
will then eat flies and other insects.
Maintaining a healthy and diverse ecosystem within your garden is the
true key to pest control. Encouraging life, not death, is what will ultimately
give you a beautiful and fruitful organic garden that is bounteous and